HINDU NEW YEAR - VIKRAM SAMVAT

Vikram Samvat 2077 is the Hindu New Year which starts on March 25, 2020. Vikram Samvat is the first day of the Hindu month of Chaitra. Every year the new year of Hindu Calendar starts from Chaitra Shukla Pratipada Tithi. According to the Gregorian calendar, this day falls in the months of March or April.

The most common calendar used throughout the world in general is the English or Georgian calendar. The most popular calendar system used by Hindus is the Vikram Samvat, started by King Vikramaditya. Nepal uses Vikram Samvat or the Vikram Calendar as the historical Hindu calendar, India too follows it in some states. It is celebrated in different states of India by different names like Navratri (eastern states), Ugadi the New year of Telugu States, GudiPadwa (Maharashtra), Cheti Chand (Sindhi), Navreh (Kashmir) and Sajibu Cheiraoba (Manipur).

What is Vikram Samvat

 Samvatsaraor in short ‘Samvat ’is a Sanskrit term for ‘year’. King Vikramaditya of Ujjain started Vikram Samvat in 57 BC and it is believed that this calendar follows his victory over the Saka in 56 B.C. The era is named after King Vikramaditya of India.

 Hindu religious festivals are based on Vikram Samvat. In North India, the new year in Vikram Samvat starts from the first day of Chaitra Shukla paksha. In Gujarat, the second day of Diwali is celebrated as the first day of the Vikram Samvat calendar which is the first day of the month Kartik.

 According to history, King Gardabhilla abducted a nun, Saraswathi. She was the sister of the famous Jain monk Kalakacharya. The helpless monk looked for the help of the Saka ruler in Sakasthana to defeat Gardabhilla. He was defeated and captivated by the Saka King. Though later released, Gardabhilla retired to the forest where he was killed by a tiger. His son, Vikramaditya, who was brought up in the forest, later invaded Ujjain and pushed out the Sakas. Thus, to celebrate this event, he commemorated a new era called Vikram Samvat.

How it is celebrated

 The birth of a New Year is a whole new beginning and marks the time when the world awakens from its wintry slumber. So almost all the Hindu New Year festivals fall at the beginning of the spring months when nature blesses the earth with fruitful greenery. Thus, every colorful spring festival of the Hindus, with all the expectations, apprehensions, hope, and joy weaved in the festivities, is essential for a New Year celebration.

On this occasion, people decorate their houses by lighting and flower decorations of varied colors. People also design rangolis. Rangolis are the main attraction of the decoration part. On that day it is a tradition to wake up early in the morning. People take a bath and they wear new clothes. Prayers are offered to goddess Lakshmi and to god Ganesh. Flowers, fruits, and Prasad are offered to God. After the worship, prasad and fruits are distributed among the family members and neighbors. Prasad is a material substance that is first offered to a deity and then consumed and exchanged with each other.

Celebration:

Celebrate this New Year in a unique and recognizable way. Clean and decorate your home or business place and do a bit of decoration. Do not forget that cleaning the space incorporates necessarily removing the unwanted junk.

Sanskrit Scriptures mention that you may hoist a flag on the top of your building. Flag hoisting is a good energy enhancer as per Vaastu. So, hoist a flag as per your choice. The flag may be of your organization, your religion, your community; or at best your National Flag.

Set yourself in a festive mood. Organize community/family get-together and feast. In all, welcome New Year with new energy and vigor.

Eat something bitter:

It may look weird, but Sanskrit scriptures prescribe that you should take soft Margosa (Neem) leaves and mix them with Jeera, Ajwain, Rock Salt, Imli and Jaggery and eat it first in the morning. We want to ensure that it is a good blood purifier and immunity enhancer. It will further prepare your whole body for the challenges in the coming year, especially summer season.

Beyond physical benefits, this ritual has deep spiritual benefits. Eating above concoction has a deeper meaning. It just psychologically prepares you for bitter, but beneficial experiences of life, in the coming year.

Warm your kitchen:

Prepare something healthy and sweet, a festive dish on your kitchen burner and let the whole family enjoy the same in collective manner. Choose some Sattvic vegetarian food with positive vibrations.

Visit your astrologer:

On the New Year, pay a visit to some reliable professional astrologer, who has a positive outlook. He/ she will analyze the pros and cons of the coming year, specifically for you.

Plan for the coming year:

As per or Muhurta, the first day of Samvatsar is really very auspicious. So, just put-up pen and paper; or switch on your computer. Take stock of the whole coming year; how are you going to use this great resource i.e., Time and it will create good ground for your future planning. So, plan according to that.

Start something New:

As we have already mentioned above, the first day of Samvatsar is considered very auspicious as per canons or Muhurta. So, if you want to start something new in your personal life, your office, your business, this is certainly a good opportunity due to favorable planetary combinations. However, if you are starting something very important, we suggest you get your horoscope also checked.

Pay respect to the King of the year:

Each Vikram Samvatsar has a King Planet, depending on the day, on which Vikram Samvatsar starts. So, ideally you should win the favor of King Planet. To get the blessings of King Planet, help needy people. It is our firm opinion that these small acts of kindness will help you a lot; and ensure happiness and harmony for you throughout the year.

12 Months of Hindu Calendar

Each Hindu month is divided into two 15 days i.e., Krishna-Paksha (dark half) & ShuklaPaksha (light half). The fifteenth day of Krishna paksha is called Amavasya, and the fifteenth day of Shukla paksha is called Poornima. Two traditions have been followed in the Indian subcontinent with respect to lunar months: Amavasya tradition which ends the lunar month on no moon day, while Purnima tradition which ends it on full moon day.

1.Chaitra:

 It is the first month of the year, it is March-April in the Gregorian calendar. It is associated with the coming of Spring and the festivals like Holi, Ram Navami, Hanuman Jayanti. The first of Chaitra – is celebrated as New Year Day, known as Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra, Chaitra Vishnu and Ugadi in Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Other important festivals in this month are Ram Navami, the birth anniversary of Lord Ram celebrated on the 9th day of Chaitra, and Hanuman Jayanti that falls on the last day (Purnima) of Chaitra.

2.Vaisakha: 

The April-May in the Gregorian calendar is the Vaisakha month. The harvest festival of Baisakhi, Vaisakha Purnima, and Buddha Purnima is celebrated this month. Purnima refers to the Full Moon.

3.Jyeshta: 

This is May-June of the Gregorian calendar. Vat Purnima is observed in Maharashtra and Karnataka, India. It is celebrated on the full moon day (the 15th) of the month of Jyeshta on the Hindu Calendar. Snana Yatra is a bathing festival that is also celebrated on the Purnima, the Hindu month of Jyeshta. The deities Jagannath, Bal Bhadra, Subhadra, Sudarshan, and Madan Mohan are brought out from the Jagannath Temple (Puri) and taken in a procession to the Snana Bedi. They are ceremonially bathed and decorated for a public. Sitalsasthi Carnival is conducted in Odisha in Jyeshta month.

4.Ashada:

 This is June-July of the Gregorian calendar. Guru Purnima and Shayani Ekadashi are celebrated this month.

5.Sravana: 

 This is July-August of Gregorian calendar and the most auspicious month in the Hindu calendar, when major festivals of Krishna Janmashtami, Raksha Bandhan, Nag Panchami, Shraavana Mela Kanwar Yatra are celebrated. The last day of the Shraavana is celebrated as Pola, where the bull is worshiped by farmers of Maharashtra.

In Tamil Nadu and in Kerala Aadi Amavasya is celebrated with great importance in all temples. Shraavana Mela is major festival time at Deogarh in Jharkhand. Shravan is also the time of the annual Kanwar Yatra, the annual pilgrimage of devotees of Shiva, known as Kanwaria make to Hindu pilgrimage places of Haridwar, Gaumukh and Gangotri in Uttarakhand to fetch holy waters of Ganges River

6.Bhadrapada/Bhadra/Prosthapada: 

 It is August-September of the Gregorian calendar. Anant Chaturdashi is observed this month. Madhu Purnima (Bengali for ‘honey full-moon’) is a Buddhist festival celebrated in India and Bangladesh.

7.Aswayuja/Asvina:

 This is September-October of the Gregorian calendar. This is another big Hindu month when vital festivals of Durga Puja, Dussehra and Diwali are celebrated, Kojagiri festivals and Kali Puja are also performed.

8.Kartika:

 This is October-November of the Gregorian calendar. Kartik Poornima is celebrated as Dev Deepavali in Varanasi. This coincides with the nirvana of the Jain Tirthankara – Mahavira and the birth of the Sikh Guru Nanak Jayanti. Ayyappan’s garland festival for the god of Sabarimalai is also a well-known festival held during this month.

9.Margasira:

 This is November-December of the Gregorian calendar. This month is celebrated as Moksada Ekadashi. Kalabhairava Ashtami (or Kālabhairava Jayanti) falls on Krishna Pakṣa Ashtami of this month of Margasira. On this day it is said that Lord Śiva appeared on earth in the fierce manifestation (avatar) as Sri Kalabhairava.

10.Pushya:

 This is December-January of the Gregorian calendar. The harvest festival of Pongal/Makar Sankranti is celebrated this month.

11.Magha:

 This is January-February of the Gregorian calendar. Vasant Panchami (Festival of Kites), Saraswathi Puja, marking the start of spring and the Holi season. Rathasapthami is a Hindu festival that falls on the seventh day (Saptami) in the bright half (Shukla Paksha) of the Hindu month Maagha. It marks the seventh day following the Sun’s north movement (Uttarayana) of vernal equinox starting from Capricorn (Makara).

12.Phalguna:

 This is February-March of the Gregorian calendar. Most parts of North India see the early celebration of the famous Hindu festival Holi, marking the end of the winter season. The Hindu festival of Shigmo is also celebrated in Goa and Konkan in the month of Phalguna.

 

 


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